Gambling is an activity where you wager something of value on an event determined in part by chance. This could be in the form of a lottery or horse race. You could also bet on stock markets or dice.
Most people gamble at some point in their lives. It can be a form of entertainment, an occasional social event, or an addictive behavior. However, gambling can have negative impacts on your health.
The prevalence of problem gambling has increased in the United States over the past several decades. In fact, according to the British Gambling Prevalence Study, the rate was higher among college-aged men than the general population.
Problem gambling is a disorder that causes problems for individuals and society. Symptoms can begin as early as adolescence. People who have problem gambling may lose their jobs, their school, and a close relationship.
There are various forms of therapy that can be used to treat gambling disorders. These include family therapy, group therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and psychodynamic therapy.
Generally, people who have problem gambling tend to have frequent thoughts about gambling and have a difficult time controlling their gambling. They can become irritable and restless when they try to stop gambling.
The main risk factors for gambling disorder are trauma, social inequality, and family history. Identifying the risk factors in an individual can help to prevent or mitigate problems with gambling.
There are no specific FDA-approved medications for gambling disorders. However, some medications are used to treat co-occurring conditions.